The International PCT Patent Application

A PCT International Patent Application allows you to reserve the right to file a utility patent application in many countries around the world. The PCT Application must be filed within a year of the date your initial patent application was filed to claim priority from your earliest application or before your invention is published. Many countries have an absolute novelty standard and often any disclosure of your invention without a non-disclosure agreement will operate to prevent you from obtaining patent protection abroad outside of the United States. That is why you need professional help for your new invention idea.

An applicant should consider filing for patent protection in foreign countries if the invention derives sales in those foreign countries as the foreign patent preparation and prosecution can be costly. A PCT International Patent Application does not issue into a patent and merely provides for a search to be conducted and report to be generated.

Thereafter, an applicant must enter the National Stage and file in the desired foreign countries. However, an applicant does not have to decide where to file specific foreign patent applications for up to 30 months from your earliest U.S. filing date, and costly foreign filing fees can be deferred until later where a more informed decision can be made.

The PCT International Patent Application is assigned to an Examiner and the Examiner conducts a search and generates an International Search Report. Based on the references cited, the Examiner will determine whether the invention has inventive step and whether the invention is novel and will prepare an International Preliminary Examination Report, which will be forwarded to the desired countries where the applicant will enter the National Stage. An applicant must file a patent application in the desired foreign countries that the applicant desires foreign protection otherwise the protection can be irrevocably lost. Therefore, it is advisable to always consult with a professional patent agency, such as Invent Help.

What To Watch For Before Patent is Filed?

If there’s any mathematics in your application, check it; typographical limitations can cause very embarrassing errors which are harder (read: takes more time and thus more money) to correct once the process has started. Look for the same language in the specification (particularly, in the ‘Detailed Description of the Invention’) and the claims.

Read the claims, and ask yourself (last chance!) if you could design around that language, and still make your invention work. Is there an element which can be left out of the ‘base claim’? Is there a necessary element which has been left out of the base claim? If you see a word you don’t understand, get help for your new invention idea. It may be a bit embarrassing for you now, but it’s a lot more expensive, as well as embarrassing, if the jury doesn’t understand it later.

Look over the drawings, and don’t just nod and smile politely; if they don’t describe what you’ve invented, they need to be corrected. Finally, and most importantly, read through for the description of the “Best Mode”. If you’ve discovered a better way to do your invention, now’s the time to put it in.

However, there’s also as with most other engineering efforts, a time to ‘shoot the engineer and ship’. You may be facing a deadline (i.e. if you don’t file, you lose the right to do so); you may be being too perfectionist (you know there’s a better way but haven’t proven it is yet), you may be nervous (‘my name is going on this?’), or you may just want to spell-check the document one last time against the on-line Dictionary…but every minor change at this point is very costly, in both dollars and time. Keep that in mind, and don’t complain if your bill exceeds the estimate after three-or-more ‘final’ drafts!

What to do with new ideas about the invention have before the application is filed, but while it is being prepared?

Prepare them much as you did the initial application (description, context, drawings, goal, function, pros-and-cons) and send them on to the patent attorney. You may be changing the scope of your invention — and if they’re big enough changes, you may force a complete re-start to the entire process. Be ready to discuss whether the addition is worth including, however; and don’t believe that every change will be added. Because sometimes the patent attorney has already thought ahead or come up with a general-enough description that your addition is already covered as explained in this article –

What to do with new ideas about the invention have after the application is filed?

Do talk about them with your patent attorney. But don’t expect that they can just be ‘crammed in’. Even though the USPTO is currently working with a two-to-three year backlog (meaning you won’t hear a first response from them until nearly three years after the application is filed), your filing date ‘fixes’ the date of your invention; anything substantively new past that point counts as “new matter”. And the USPTO generally will not allow any “new matter” to be included in your application. Because they have a whole class of applications (with fee) for what are called ‘continuations-in-part’, devised for just this sort of inventiveness.

Electric Air Compressor

A gas and an electric air compressor have their own advantages over each other. Gas-powered machines are the only option when operating in a place where there are no power lines, such as in a building in the starting stages of its construction. They also eliminate the need for power cords that could possibly trip the workers.

One of the downside, however, of the gas-operated equipment is that it cannot be operated in enclosed areas as the fumes from its exhaust pipe emit a foul odor, and a continuous exposure to it causes damage to the lungs. Further, this type is also quite noisy, giving off a loud rumble that could also potentially damage the ears.

For home and shop use, therefore, an electric air compressor is deemed a better option. It is quiet and does not foul up the air. There are both portable and stationery machines of this type, so that both home and commercial or industrial users can avail of it. There is also the choice of the oil-less type machines. As a rule, these do not last as long as the ones that require oil for their operation. However, maintaining them is far easier as they do not need frequent oil changes.

There is no shortage of models to choose from. Indeed, you may even be bewildered with all the types of air compressors available with variations from different engine power, tank capacities, PSIs, and CFMs. You may have to consult with your hardware store or with others who have experience with the machines.

Prepare the Patent Application

If the decision is made to seek patent protection, a formal written application must be prepared which fully describes and legally defines the invention. The patent application is an important legal document and should not be undertaken by someone who is not trained and experienced in drafting patent applications. It is highly advisable that a registered patent agency, like Invent Help, or a attorney draft the application with the inventor’s technical input and assistance. A patent application includes a specification, a series of claims, and drawings where necessary for understanding the invention.

The specification must contain a full written disclosure of the invention so that anyone skilled in the area pertaining to the invention would be able to obtain all the necessary information to make and use the invention. It must also disclose the best mode known to the inventor of practicing the invention at the time the application is filed. The inventor must, therefore, be certain to tell the patent attorney everything known about the invention.

The claims determine the scope of protection provided by the patent for the invention. It is the claims that define what the inventor can exclude others from making, using or selling. Great care must be taken to draft patent claims such that they define as broad a scope as possible for the invention while, at the same time, making the claims sufficiently narrow to avoid a challenge to validity based on prior inventions. The initial claims of the application are often amended during the prosecution of the application to more clearly define the patented invention.

Since drawings must comply with detailed Patent Office rules and standards, an experienced patent draftsman should prepare the drawings. The patent attorney preparing the patent application will normally make the arrangements for the services of a competent patent draftsman.

Once the patent application is completed and certain accompanying legal papers are prepared, the application can be filed with the Patent and Trademark Office. When the application has been filed, and not before, the invention may be marked “Patent Pending” or “Patent Applied For.”

The charges for the preparation of the patent application result largely from the amount of time it takes the patent attorney to prepare the application. Hence, savings will often result if the inventor provides the patent agency, like InventHelp, with a full disclosure concerning the invention before preparation of the application begins.

The Two Types of Patent Professionals

The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (U.S.P.T.O.) licenses two types of individuals to represent parties before it in patent cases: patent attorneys and patent agents. A patent attorney is a lawyer who is also licensed by the U.S.P.T.O. A patent agency, like Invent Help, is a non-lawyer who is licensed to represent individuals before the U.S.P.T.O. in patent cases.

There are a number of similarities between patent attorneys and patent agents. Both patent attorneys and agents must possess a technical background in at least one of a number of fields approved by the U.S.P.T.O. Both attorneys and agents must be trustworthy and of good moral character. Most importantly, both patent attorneys and agents are required to sit for and pass a rigorous examination in patent law and procedure before receiving a license.

The examination is the same for attorneys and agents, and in order to sit for it, a prospective patent attorney or agent must demonstrate his or her credentials and good character. Once admitted to practice, patent attorneys and agents are bound by the same strict ethical rules.

Before the U.S.P.T.O., a patent agent can perform virtually any task in a patent case that a patent attorney can perform, including the filing and prosecution of a patent application and the recording of papers (like assignments or transfers of rights) that pertain to the patent application. The difference between a patent attorney and a patent agent lies in what the two can do outside of the U.S.P.T.O. Because a patent attorney is also admitted to the general practice of law in at least one state, he or she can also provide assistance with patent-related contract issues, licensing, negotiation…

A patent attorney can also offer opinions on the validity and enforceability of patents, and can assist with other intellectual property matters, such as trademarks and copyrights. Patent agents are not permitted to do these things, because they are considered matters of general law. However, a patent agent may opine on whether an invention appears to be patentable, and may give advice directly related to the pursuit of a patent.

Which One is for Me?

If your needs are limited to obtaining patent protection, then a patent agency, such as InventHelp may be best for you. Keep in mind that patent agents generally charge less than patent attorneys, and a well-trained patent agent may represent a party just as well as a patent attorney. Even if you may eventually need broader legal representation to handle patent licensing, or other related matters, it may be more economical to have a patent agent as your representative before the U.S.P.T.O.

Can You Make Money with Your Idea

Not only a business, but even an idea can make you rich, if it is good enough, and you manage it well. There are certain steps to be followed from having an idea to protecting it and finding a market for it.

Inventors are saying there is nothing new under the sun, so if you want to have an invention, you shouldn’t be looking to discover something completely new. The best and most profitable ideas come from small things improving existing ideas. There is a good article about it online at

You should be looking for problems to be solved in your own experience. Think about the issues around your home: closet organizers were invented by people bothered by the clutter in their closet. Power strips, dusters and stain removers were invented to solve common household problems.

Your workplace can be also a good place for inspiration. Most employers are eager to cut costs and improve productivity and efficiency, so you may think about methods to resolve the things that delay the completion of your work.

You should be looking for ideas that can be applied broadly: it will not make you wealthy if your innovation can be applied only in your department. You also can have innovative ideas about your hobbies. You could invent gadgets that help users enjoy a game more, or learn a skill easier.

Once you have an idea, you should check if anyone had that idea already. You will have to look thorough the records of U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). An online search is also available at You can find on the site all patents from 1790 on.

Since 1790, when the first invention was registered in the U.S. 7 million patents were registered. There was an entire wave of new patents in the last years, so there is very good chance that somebody already had your idea. Don’t panic: if someone already had you idea, you can still work to improve it, and this way you still can make money. You can learn more from

If you can’t find anything in the database similar to your idea, you can proceed to the next step: the preliminary patent search, which can take 25-30 hours. This helps you to assess how good your idea is, and who are your potential competitors. A full search, which involves a professional, consists in a review of international patents, patent literature, and other resources beyond the easy reach.

Once I’m “patent pending” can I discuss my invention openly?

One can claim “patent pending” status after a provisional, utility, design or plant application is filed. But the answer to this question is a bit complicated. Basically an applicant should show as little as possible as much as possible.

The only reason an applicant would show data about the application is when the applicant is attempting to interest a person or firm to license or assign the rights to the patent, once the application is granted. The prospective licensee might also choose to “buy the whole application” when, for example, the company or person wants the applied for invention to be kept secret. You can find many useful tips on internet, but hiring professionals like Invent Help, to help you out would be wise.

Because the applicant has no right to exclude, at the application stage, the applicant must be wary of exposing too much of the invention. For example, an applicant should only show the written description of the invention, and not the claims. It is the claims that describes the “meets and bounds” of the property right that will be granted if the application is issued as a patent.

Withholding the claims will frustrate someone’s efforts to design around the patent you might end up getting. Also, hide or black out the dates and any signatures of witnesses. If you show copies of your inventor’s notebook, likewise black out the names and dates of witnesses, this prevents someone from claiming that their idea predates your idea. Be particularly careful with a provisional, as there are no claims, the person reading the provisional might be able to make something you won’t claim in the utility that replaces the provisional.

Also, only show as much as is necessary to achieve your goal. For example, perhaps the claimed invention has three embodiments of a new display device: a computer monitor, an portable display for a cell phone, and a television. If the applicant were trying to license the computer monitor to a computer manufacturer, then only the parts of the specification relating to the computer monitor should be shown to prospective licensees as you can read from article.

Why Choose Premium WordPress Themes?

A lot of bloggers and web designers search Premium WordPress Themes although they need to pay for the premium themes. Actually the premium themes are not really that expensive and they even provide additional features that make them more attractive. Take for example Agent Image – a real estate WordPress site builder. You can make a beautiful real estate site with your listings and the cost is really minimal as stated on

Why do we purchase a Premium Theme? There are several reasons why choose premium themes:

  • The themes from WordPress that are paid are usually of higher quality than the ones that are free
  • The theme designers really expert more effort in thinking about the design and codes of the themes, rather than us as a newbie or not an expert
  • Easy to customize and tailor fit to the needs of the site
  • Unlimited support from the experts
  • Full customization techniques with complete tutorials
  • Get theme license
  • If you’re a web designer, then web designing is your day-to-day activity. Premium themes can be your reference for you to be used for your clients
  • With free themes, however, you have to contend with imperfect or erroneous codes and it is also rare for free WordPress theme makers to answer questions.

How To Apply For a Patent And Protect Your Inventions

Understanding how to apply for a patent, can be a complicated process, particularly if it is your first time. Most applications are rejected the first time. You will no doubt have to appeal these rejections and make amendments to your patent claim.

It is not uncommon for filing a patent to take up to 3 years or more. Taking on the task to patent it yourself can lead to many denials. It’s definitely recommended to speak with a patent attorney or patent agency such as InventHelp that understand patent law and invention protection.

Speak The Language Of The Patent Examiner

One of the first steps in applying for a patent involves submitting the patent application to the USPTO. Unless you enjoy reading content that seems it was only made for the eyes of judges and lawyers, it is important to learn a little legal terminology.

The lingo on patent applications is very law specific. When researching how to apply for a patent, the way you convey your written words can affect whether or not you are approved or rejected.

The potential for a success response increases if you enlist the services of a patent attorney or agency like Invent Help as you can see from InventHelp reviews. The better you answer the questions and objections, the more of a chance the patent examiner will see things in your favor.

Many inventors have missed out on profitable opportunities because of poor execution in their ability to write in a descriptive and convincing manor. They apply for a patent without a solid plan of attack for getting the response they want.

Checking For STDs

Getting a sexually transmitted diseases is something that people should be aware of, if they are sexually active or not. Diseases are transmitted easily and can take control of your life and anyone that you infect. You should be aware of STD testing and how it can benefit you or your partner. If you have sex with multiple partners, it is highly advised to get std testing done. Options for testing includes STD home testing, going to free clinics for STD testing, or just going into your primary doctor. You will get the std testing you need along with other support to guide you in your journey of dealing with stds.

What Tests Are Available?

STD testing comes in different packages according to your needs and budget. Most At Home STD Tests will come with urine cups, swabs, bio-hazard bags, transport tubes, and ice packs, all depending on what each test requires as you can see from Mylabbox. Sexually transmitted diseases testing is available for chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, HIV, and syphilis. Costs for tests range from about $125 to $250, but syphilis only cost about $25. Shipping for the kits will also be charged and range from about $45 to $80, and is usually done via Fed Ex. Results for these tests can take anywhere from 2-7 days, depending on which test you choose. Not all STD home testing kits are approved by the FDA, so research each one until you find one that is approved.

Why Choose Free Clinics

Dealing with an sexually transmitted diseases on your own can be scary and lonely. If you fear rejection or judgement from others about getting an std testing done, look for free clinics for std testing in your area. Clinics can benefit you in ways that going to your own doctor cannot. Since the clinics are mainly for STD testing and disease control, the general population of patients attending will be there for that reason. Judgements will be lowered or eliminated since everyone will be sitting and waiting for STD testing.

If you wish to speak to someone regarding your situation prior to STD testing, counseling will be provided. Once you have completed your STD testing, counseling is provided to speak about your options if you show positive results. Surgery is usually a last option, but the clinic may have doctors they can refer you to.

What to Do If You Are Positive For STDs

Getting back positive results from STD testing can make you feel dirty and less of a person. It is important not to sulk in your sorrows for long because the disease is not going away. Taking action against your disease is a healthy way to overcome it. If you took a STD home testing kit, be sure to call your doctor or the health department right away. Make an appointment to get checked. They can do internal exams to see how far the disease has spread. If you found out the results of your STD testing from one of the free clinics for testing, ask them for help. They can send you to a doctor who will further examine you. Ask all the questions you can about the disease, educating yourself so you can protect yourself during sex in the future.

STDS can be deadly in some cases, so it is important to get the help you need immediately. You should understand the types of stds and the STD testing available for them. Never avoid taking STD testing if you feel you are at risk. Exposure to stds left unnoticed can lead to serious problems which may affect more than just your sexual organs. Antibiotics can be prescribed if you are suffering from a large breakout, but that only helps to rid of inflammation from the disease and will not cure it.